Man-elephant conflict has become one of the most challenging problems in modern wildlife management in India. With continuous loss of habitat qualitatively as well as quantitatively, elephants are forced to extend their range and raid crops to meet their energy requirements. During such forays of elephants into villages or agricultural lands and human forays into forests, confrontation is inevitable. Although, large population of elephants are found in Jharkhand-Bengal regions in India, very little efforts have been made to know as to why man-elephant conflict occurs. Therefore, keeping the above facts in view, the present investigation was carried out to obtain some information on causes for the man-elephant conflict.
Measures for controlling man-elephant conflict has been divided into two categories, viz. the short-term measures and the long-term measures.
A. SHORT TERM MEASURES:
Short-term measures aimed at providing immediate relief to the people such as:
1. Driving away elephants physically with the help of wildlife officials.
2. Use of trained elephants (koonkie) to chase away wild elephants.
3. Use of barriers (Elephant – proof trench and watch towers).
B. LONG TERM MEASURES:
Long term measures aim at removing the factors responsible for the elephant depredation and at creating ideal living conditions for elephants within the forests, viz, habitat development works, eco-development works, establish elephant corridors, promote conservation education and public awareness.
- Do not make direct eye contact with monkeys.
- Do not cross the path between a mother and her infant.
- Do not irritate or tease the monkeys.Leave them alone and they will leave you alone.
- Be light footed while passing through a monkey group i.e. Do not run.
- Do not go near a dead or wounded monkey.
- Do not feed monkeys.
- In case a monkey collides with your transport (two wheelers specially), do not stop there.
- Do not get scared if a monkey makes a ‘Kho-Kho’ noise as normally it is a bluff. Ignore the monkey and walk away calmly.
- Do not ever hit any monkey. Keep hitting the ground with a big bamboo stick to make monkeys leave your house or garden.
- Presence of big dogs in premises shall make monkeys leave the area.
- Monkeys are scared of snakes. Keep real looking plastic snakes at roof tops or boundary wall of your house.
- Loud heavy noise, bursting of crackers or their sound track will force the monkeys to leave any premises.
- An injured monkey should be helped when monkey group is not close by. Cover the injured monkey with a net and take it to People for Animals [P.F.A.] or S.P.C.A. or any organization caring for sick animals.
- If a monkey tries to touch you, gently put an object or board firmly between you & monkey.
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